ASEAN Qualification Framework: A Comparison

ASEAN is an Association of South East Asia Nations. It is made up of 11 countries namely, (1) Brunei ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ , (2)  Cambodia ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ , (3) Indonesia ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ , (4) Laos ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ , (5) Malaysia ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ , (6) Myanmar ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ , (7) Philippines ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ , (8) Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ , (9) Thailand ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ , (10) Timor-Leste ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ , and (11) Vietnam ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ . Most of the times, these countries are regarded as the Third Countries or better known as Developing Countries.

These countries strive hard to move forward towards building developed nations. One of their most important agenda include improving the area of human capital development. Skillful workforce is one of their priorities towards ensuring the nations to achieve better future for the next generations.

For that matter, each ASEAN country has her own qualification framework as a pivot point for their human capital development. This is especially for preparing the people with the latest technology and temporary social progress.

Hence, the following tables and figures are illustrating on the summary of the qualification contents for each of the ASEAN countries.

1) Brunei ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ 

Table 1. Brunei Darussalam Qualifications Framework (BDQF).

2) Cambodia ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ 

Table 2. The Cambodia Qualification Framework (CQF).

3) Indonesia ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ 

Figure 1. The Indonesian Qualification Framework (IQF).

4) Laos ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 

Table 3. Asian Development Bank Support to Technical and Vocational Education and Training Project in Laos.

5) Malaysia ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ 

Figure 2. Sector-wise breakdown of the Malaysia Qualification Framework (MQF).

6) Myanmar ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ 

Table 4. Descriptors for certificate levels under the Myanmar National Qualification Framework.

7) Philippines ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ 

Figure 3. The Philippines Qualification Framework.

8) Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ 

Figure 4. The Singapore Workforce Skills Qualifications (WSQ) Framework.

9) Thailand ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ 

Table 5. Levels within the National Qualification Framework of Thailand.

10) Vietnam ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ 

Table 6. Breakdown of Vietnam National Occupation Skills Levels.

(Credit to ASEAN Triangle Project. Report was prepared by Mr. David Lythe and ILO team. The document is downloadable at—asia/—ro-bangkok/—sro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_310231.pdf )

Other reference:

ANSSR: Enhancing the Quality and Relevance of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for Current and Future Industry Needs-Phase 1 at

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