The Computing Terms Compared to Its Common Science Discipline

When was the last time when you heard someone mentioned the word “Web” and you thought it was a spider web when the speaker was actually referring to the WWW?

When was the last time when you thought the study on topic “Neural” and “DNA” was about Microbiology?

Well, you’ve guessed it. They have been introduced in the computing world some decades ago and looks like they are gonna stay in this area for a while.

For this post, I am listing some popular computing words that were adapted from other science disciplines. The listing provides basic meaning to the chosen words and its common science discipline before they emerged in the computing world.



1. Cognitive.

Original science discipline: Psychology

In computing world: Technology that mimics the function of human brain.

2. Cloud.

Original science discipline: Meteorology

In computing world: Internet based computer networks for sharing data and resources with other computer or devices.

3. DNA.

Original science discipline: Biochemistry/ Microbiology 

In computing world: A branch of computing that uses DNA, biochemistry, and molecular biology hardware for computing processes.

4. Heuristics.

Original science discipline: Psychology 

In computing world: A technique designed for solving a problem more quickly when classic methods are too slow, or for finding an approximate solution when classic methods fail to find any solution.

5. Neural.

Original science discipline: Nervous System/ Biology 

In computing world: A computational approach which is based on large collection of neural units loosely modelling the way a biological brain solve problems.

6. Ontology.

Original science discipline: Psychology 

In computing world: A formal naming and definition for types, properties, and relationships of entities that really or fundamentally exist for a particular domain or discourse.

7. Semantics.

Original science discipline: Linguistics 

In computing world: Rigorous of mathematical study of programming languages.

8. Sentiment.

Original science discipline: Psychology 

In computing world: Natural language processing, text analysis, and computational linguistics to identify and subjective information in source materials.

9. Viral.

Original science discipline: Microbiology 

In computing world: Rapid rise of social network sites alongside declining advertising rates with extremely fragmented audience for media broadcasting.

10. Web.

Original science discipline: Biology 

In computing world: Information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locator (URL).

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